When we talk about shipping we can say that it is a reliable means for high volume shipments, with options designed to fit different sizes of goods.

The many terms used in the process of moving goods through a supply chain may seem difficult, but understanding the different types of shipments and specific terms are essential to ensure that your goods are delivered on time, in accordance and good condition.

In the case of containerized maritime transport, when there is a demand, this is done with the support of the shipping lines available for containers and ships, with weekly shipments to the desired destinations or ports of interest.

We collaborate with the most well-known and large companies that own containerized shipping containers, thus having the possibility to monitor and act in an efficient time the entire transport operation.

Shipping can be:

  • FCL containerized shipping
  • LCL containerized shipping (groupage)
  • bulk shipping
  • RO-RO shipping
  • shipping for oversized products

FCL containerized shipping – full container load


FCL shipping means “fully loaded equipment” and is a term used in shipping.

Full loading of the container/equipment does not necessarily mean that the transport fills an entire container, but rather the shipping in FCL mode is a mode of shipment, whereby a single shipment or part of a shipment is included in a container, the unit of measure being 1 TEU.

There are several advantages to using the FCL shipping mode. One of the advantages would be that it presents a low risk of damage or loss because the container does not open to the destination, the goods not being handled excessively.

For FCL (full container load) shipping, the containers, at import, are taken over from different ports of the exporting countries to Romania, and export from the port of Constanta to different destinations. For export, the container is loaded to the indicated location or from our warehouses in Constanta. Upon import, the goods will be transported to the indicated place, after carrying out the transit or import customs operations. The most common routes are: the Far East (China, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, Korea, etc.), the Middle East (Israel, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Syria, etc.), the Mediterranean Basin (Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Algeria, etc.), Europe (Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, etc.), the Black Sea Basin (Bulgaria, Ukraine, Turkey, etc.), North America (USA, Canada, etc.), Central America ( Costa Rica, etc.), South America (Brazil, Argentina, etc.), Australia, New Zealand, Africa (Gambia, Nigeria), etc.

Containerized shipping involves cost efficiency, which is why shipping goods in a complete container usually brings a lower cost than grouping (LCL) shipping of the same consignment.

LCL type container shipping (groupage) – less than container load


LCL shipping means “partially loaded equipment” and involves goods that take up less than the entire space of a full container and essentially involve grouping the various shipments together into a single container.

The price for LCL shipping depends on the volume and not necessarily on the weight of your cargo.

For maritime transport in LCL (less than container load) regime, the goods will be taken from the collection warehouses with the operations for drawing up the completed customs documents, after which they will be loaded in containers together with other consignments of goods to the final destinations. Depending on the destination, these goods can be transshipped (for example: for a consignment of goods departing from Romania to Costa Rica, it will first be loaded by truck to Germany and from there the goods will be transshipped in a container to San Jose, Costa Rica or, other goods are loaded in Constanta in a container and leave for Singapore and from there are transshipped in a container destined for Japan).

Types of containers used in shipping

The main types of containers used are: 20’DV, 40’DV, 40’HC, 40’RF, 20’OT, 40’OT, 20’FR, 40’FR.

Types of goods transported in sea containers:

  • for 20’DV, 40’DV and 40’HC general goods containers;
  • for 40’RF containers refrigerated goods up to a temperature of -20 gr C;
  • for 20’OT and 40’OT containers, goods that are loaded on the top with the crane (equipment, parts, etc.);
  • for 20’FR and 40’FR containers oversized goods of different sizes;
  • for containers 20’ISO Tank and 40’ISO Tank liquid goods of different types;

RO-RO shipping

RO-RO type maritime transport is performed with specialized seagoing ships for the transport of motor vehicles, trailers, tracked vehicles, etc. Access to these ships is made on special ramps.

The name of the method reflects the way vehicles are loaded and unloaded. Although RO-RO shipping is considered to be more accessible and convenient, but it is also riskier in terms of vehicle safety so the main reasons for this are the loading/unloading stage during which accidents can occur and open exposure to climatic changes.

Shipping for oversized products

In general, oversized goods have a different definition depending on the mode of transport you use, so for shipping, we can define that any piece that does not fit in a 40 or 45 container is considered oversized. The weight of the load, on the other hand, does not have the strict parameters that specify whether a part is considered “heavy” or not.

However, when transporting goods by sea, there are limits to how much weight a certain piece of equipment can carry. Countries may also impose weight limits.

Specialized equipment and ships are used that have become useful when moving oversized goods, respectively Flat Rack shipping, which means that flat support equipment is used that has a flat surface without walls or roof that allows the necessary flexibility to move and handle goods that have an expandable width or length beyond the conventional capabilities of Flat Rack equipment.


Bulk shipping

In bulk shipping – bulk cargo, specialized ships are used. An item can be classified as bulk cargo if it is not containerized and is easy to attach to a ship. Items such as oil, grain, ores or coal are examples of bulk goods.

Items can also be called bulk goods when the goods are packed but not containerized. This type of ship stores the goods directly in the warehouses in the hold of the ship and is called bulk carriers. The loading capacity can be between 20,000-180,000 tdw.

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