The Romanian Customs Code periodically brings new and new regulations and rules regarding the international freight procedure. The Union Customs Code is one of the most recent innovations, through which new common rules have been established at the European Union level, including the introduction of an electronic information exchange system and the right to an opinion that the economic operator carrying out the transport should have.
Establishing reliable and well-harmonized relations with Customs is another argument of any changes brought by the Romanian Customs Code.
The activity of international freight transport needs to be simplified, and legislation should be harmonized throughout the Community, with the aim of facilitating trade. The free movement of goods on the territory of the European Union represents a solid argument for the consolidation of the customs legislation. Therefore, the Customs Code seeks to facilitate economic activities, rapid cooperation between all trading partners, members of the EU space, in other words the relationship with customs authorities will be simplified so that the supply of goods within the EU is faster and easier to do. Customs control is easier to do, but also even faster, according to current legislation.
Among the novelties of the Customs Code, it is good to mention the electronic procedure for communicating information between customs and transport operators or economic agents.
The exchanges of information between the customs authorities and the economic operators will be made through the electronic system for managing the customs decisions. Thus, the procedure will be greatly simplified.
More, the documents will be taken in electronic form, this procedure simplifying quite a lot the whole process of international transport of goods.
Before receiving an unfavorable decision, the economic operator can bring certain completions of documents, which should determine the good relationship between him and the Romanian customs authorities. The right to be heard is another regulation of the Customs Code, so that before an unfavorable decision is submitted to it, the applicant has the right to a point of view and to bring clarifications and documents to help. If the customs authorities have requested additional information from the applicant, he shall receive a period of 30 days, which shall not be extended, for a hearing.
Therefore, the exchange of information between customs authorities and economic operators, as well as between the European Union and the customs authorities of the Member States takes place in a digital environment, fully computerized, based on the concept of electronic customs.
Import duties are easier to collect, but no action has been taken on VAT and excise directives.
Authorization of customs procedures and simplified procedures will be granted only if the conditions of authorized economic operator are met. In order to be an authorized economic operator, several conditions must be met. For example, you need to go through the standards of competence for professional clarification. If they receive the authorization of economic operators, then they can take advantage of the simplified customs procedure. In addition, they benefit from numerous safety and security facilities, including the postponement of the payment of VAT at customs.
It should also be mentioned that both European and national legislation must about customs rules be followed in order not to encounter difficulties in the effective implementation of the procedures that are applied or will be applied at a certain moment.
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